While you were getting ready for Halloween this year, you may have heard some mention of a man named Martin Luther. You may have heard that he was some type of religious leader, but if you’re not clear on some of the details, here they are.
Martin Luther lived between 1483 and 1546. Even though he lived a long time ago, his impact can be seen in almost every town in America and Europe. He’s actually somewhat responsible for many of the churches you see.
Martin Luther started what was called the protestant reformation. In his day, the only major Christian denomination was Catholicism. Luther challenged authority and broke away from that, allowing other types of churches to start and grow.
On Halloween night in 1517, Luther nailed his 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Chapel. The These consisted of 95 grievances against the Catholic Church.
He went against the common teachings of his day that salvation was by works and that sin could be removed by paying the church to have it removed.
The common belief of Luther’s day was that The Church and The Pope were the ultimate authority on faith and life. Luther believed the Bible was the ultimate authority. Salvation by faith alone and scripture as ultimate authority are the hallmarks of most protestant faiths today.
Along the way, Luther also translated the Scriptures into German, giving power to understand the Bible to laypeople.